Tag Archives: khoikhoi

Introduction

South Africa is one of the few regions of the world where humans have lived continuously for nearly two million years – and where the geology and environmental conditions helped preserve evidence of their presence. In northern Europe and Asia, … Continue reading

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The Later Stone Age

The Later Stone Age (LSA) saw several innovations in the range of artifacts, including items that were still being made by San hunter-gatherers at the time of European contact and up to the twentieth century. The stone tools were on … Continue reading

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Hunter-gatherers Of South Africa Rock Art As A Record Of Spiritual Beliefs

Rock art by LSA hunter-gatherers can be found in the form of paintings or engravings in almost every district in South Africa. There is no comprehensive list of all sites, and many have not been recorded, but it is estimated … Continue reading

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The KhoiKhoi pastoralists

The Khoikhoi (called ‘Hottentots’ by early white settlers) were descendants of huntergatherers who had acquired livestock centuries earlier, probably in modern Botswana. Supporting a growing population through their pastoral economy they expanded fairly rapidly throughout southern Africa. Those moving into … Continue reading

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KhoiKhoi Pastoralists Polities Of The Khoikhoi

In most areas of southern Africa, including the southwestern Cape, the pastoral Khoi khoi lived near hunter-gatherers who kept neither cattle nor sheep. The hunters were called ‘San’ by the Khoikhoi, ‘Bushmen’ by the Dutch. Some Khoi – khoi who … Continue reading

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KhoiKhoi Pastoralists The Khoikhoi And The San

The instability in Khoikhoi society was further intensified by the nearby presence of San. Some San groups frequently attacked the Khoikhoi, sowing terror by firing off poisoned arrows normally used to hunt great game, and stealing and frequently slaughtering Khoikhoi … Continue reading

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The Company They Kept The First Journeys

The discovery of the compass by the end of the thirteenth century made possible long voyages out of sight of land. The adventurous spirit and questing mind of the Renaissance drove the Portuguese to embark on voyages to new worlds … Continue reading

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The Khoikhoi And The Dutch

With the coming of the Dutch settlement, the Khoikhoi faced a much stronger demand for their cattle. They were now called on not only to feed VOC ships, which arrived in larger numbers than formerly, but also to support the … Continue reading

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The Khoikhoi And The Dutch Disputes And War

Trade disputes and charges of theft caused great tension between colonists and the Khoikhoi who, for their part, feared that the settlement of free burghers in 1657 would eventually deprive them of their valuable pastures and watering places. In 1659 … Continue reading

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The Khoikhoi And The Dutch Resistance By Gonnema And Dorha

In 1673 the Company went to war with the Cochoqua, an inland group whose leader Gonnema they accused, often on shaky grounds, of numerous assaults on Europeans. The Second Khoikhoi-Dutch War consisted chiefly of punitive Dutch expeditions directed against Gonnema … Continue reading

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